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非政府组织MARUAH就武吉巴督补选发表声明

近期报道有关在武吉巴督补选运动中,执政的人民行动党对新加坡民主党所做的一些评语。

目前这场补选运动其中的一部分情况已经兑变成了一场针对新加坡民主党候选人徐顺全博士个人性格的口号似的运动。这个动机含糊的现象是出现在执政党的李显龙总理、文化/社区/青年部长傅海燕和国会议长莎莉玛所发表的谈话中。

作为竞选运动观察员,人权组织MURAH,为此把执政党采取这样令人失望的举措记录在案。

我们引证了我们的研究资料说明,主流媒体和主要的公众人物在2011年大选的行为表现是如何的。在2013年的榜鹅东区补选时选举运动也没有激化到目前这样的情况。尽管当时参与补选的反对党候选人很多,人民行动党候选人也同样做了一些转移视线的声明,让我们不得要搔头皮。

在2015年的选举,所有参与选举活动的政党的表现都有进步了。候选人的意见被公民所采纳了和在社交媒体报导了。所有的这一切揭示说明了公民参与的选举活动是健康的,即便是一个人也承认是政党的评语。我们把这一切视为是民主成长的一部分。

但是,在这次武吉巴督补选活动,似乎把徐顺全博士个人过去的行为作为一个有针对性的对象。在政治上,许多候选人最终是由选民投票所决定的。他们最终将会成为国会议员。我们在此要求立即停止这样的大量使用(针对个人)的竞选口语。这对于确保发展一个公平、自由和民主的选举进场是没有好处的。

我们也同时注意到新加坡国会选举法律第59条款和第61(d)条款的约定。它要求所有的竞选参与者,包括了竞选运动的负责人和所有政党的领袖,必须在选举活动中必须公平对待所有的候选人。同时,在国际议会联盟有关《自由和公平选举》的约定下,也很明确地说明,所有参与选举的政党必须确保选在选举活动时行为必须是公平和民主的。

最后,我们再一次要求

选举局不可以在总理公署的管辖下。

 

 

MARUAH statement on conduct at Bukit Batok By-Election

 

We refer to recent reports on the comments made by the ruling party, the People’s Action Party (PAP) and the opposition party, Singapore Democratic Party (SDP), during the campaign of the by-election in Bukit Batok.

Parts of the campaign are currently degenerating into a sloganeering on the character of Dr Chee Soon Juan, the SDP candidate. This looms ominously as the statements are made by ruling party members in the name of the Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong; the Minister for Culture, Community and Youth, Grace Fu and the Speaker of Parliament, Halimah Yacob.

As election campaign watchers, MARUAH, a human rights group, would like to put on record that this is a disappointing approach taken on by the ruling party. We cite our research in 2011 that showed how media and public figures had conducted themselves at the 2011 General Elections. At the 2013 by-election in Punggol East it did not deteriorate to the current extent, though the opposition candidates were many and the PAP candidate also made some distracting statements that had some of us scratching our heads. In the 2015 hustings, there was improvement by all political parties. The views on candidates were taken up by citizens and in many instances over social media. All revealing a healthier engagement by citizens even as one acknowledges there will be partisan comments. We say it is part of our growth into a democracy.

In this Bukit Batok by-election, however, there seems to be a targeted barrage on Dr Chee’s past behaviour. In politics there are many candidates who will be judged at the ballot box and later as MPs. We ask that this sloganeering be stopped, as it is not in good taste to ensuring that we develop fair, free and democratic election processes.

We also raise attention to Singapore’s Parliamentary Elections Act, Section 59 and Section 61(d) which asks of all – including campaign leaders and leaders of all political parties– to act in a manner that is fair to all election candidates. In addition in the Inter-Parliamentary Union’s Code on Free and Fair Elections, it is also clear that all parties need to ensure that the election is conducted in a fair and democratic manner.

In conclusion MARUAH asks again

for an Independent Elections Commission, not one under the Prime Minister’s Office.

MARUAH statement on conduct at Bukit Batok By-Election

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