标签

夏后算账篇

关于新加坡的批评者、博客和人权维护者的誉为批评政府的言论被政府惩罚

Singapore: Government critics, bloggers and human rights defenders penalised for speaking out

e59bbde99985e789b9e8b5a6e7bb84e7bb87

关于新加坡的批评者、博客和人权维护者的誉为批评政府的言论被政府惩罚

编号: ASA 28/4216/2016

日期:2016年6月16日

国际特赦组织密切关注新加坡政府持续敏感地对付批评新加坡政府者和持有不同意见者。这已经导致进一步减少社会活动者、博客和公民社会组织在新加坡的活动范围。在过去的两个月里,许多政治活动分子和一名博客,以及国际同性恋组织(LGBTI)社群合法的行使权利,都已经面对因发表言论自由、和平集会和组织的权利而遭到了报复。

在2016年5月,17岁青少年余彭衫在刑事法典298款下被控告触犯“伤害(穆斯林和基督教)宗教感情”6项刑事罪。在这条罪状是与触犯宗教和种族有关的。余彭衫也面对其他罪状,包括了在担保条例下没有及时向警方报到。这已经不是17岁博客余彭衫第一次在自己个人博客网上发表评论遭受新加坡当局的对付了。在2015年5月,他因嘲笑新加坡第一任总理李光耀而判处55天的监禁。

依据国际法和标准,自由表达意见是应被广泛和普遍地被接受的,但并不局限于于此。一个国家必须尊重和保护那些表达意见的少数人,他们发表的意见可能是包括了通过媒体发表的方式,以及可能发表的意见被认为(对当局)是具有侵犯性的。

在另一起事件上,(新加坡)警方在2016年6月1日问讯政治活跃分子鄞玉林和张素兰。他们俩被问讯的时间超过数小时。他们的个人电子设备被警方拿走。警方声称,拿走他们的个人电子设备的理由是与武吉巴督补选投票前夕的“冷静日”有关。

虽然自由表达意见可能是需要在某些法律条款上约束范围下。但是,这些约束条款必须严格的证明是必要和成正比的。“冷静日”期间可能是为了在法律上保护整个选举运动的和平性和完整性。但是,在这起事件上,这两名活跃分子是被当局点名和无理地扣留数小时之久。鄞玉林申诉说,他被警方扣留将近8小时。

国际特赦组织认为,(新加坡警方的)这些调查工作是具有政治意图的。因为在过去还有其他的政治活动者也被投诉破坏“冷静日”条例,但是,他们都没有遭受同样等级的问讯。

百里挑一

新加坡当局也干预了国际同性恋者组织(LGBTI)的活动。当局通过新加坡内政部警告(在新加坡的)跨国企业必须保证不要继续赞助每年(在新加坡)举行的新加坡粉红色同志权利的活动。内政部在声明里说,它们将不允许外国企业“干预本国的事务”,特别那些被认为是属于“保守性质”的。同性恋者(LGBTI)在新加坡面对着被高度的丑化和歧视。男性同性恋在新加坡仍然是被视为是犯罪的行为。

新加坡政府必须为人权组织创造一个安全和避免进行干扰(他们的活动)的空间,特别是国际同性恋者组织(LGBTI)。与此同时,政府有责任严格遵守在《消除对妇女一切形式歧视公约》(CEDAW)下非歧视原则和承担自己应尽的义务,以及改变在对待性别、性别或性取向的基础的社会和文化行为

国际特赦组织极其关切的注意到,新加坡的维护人权者和批评政府者缺乏社会制度的认可、承认和保障人权。国际特赦组织要求新加坡政府在2016年1月27日在联合国人权理事会上检讨时,承诺接受建议废除和缩小在公共讨论方面的所予以的限制的决定。我们同时呼吁新加坡政府尊重、保护和促进自由表达、和平集会以及组织的人权。废除一切不合法的、不必要和不适用于这些人权的有关法律。

e59bbde99985e789b9e8b5a6e7bb84e7bb87

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL  PUBLIC STATEMENT

 

Singapore: Government critics, bloggers and human rights defenders penalised for speaking out

Index: ASA 28/4216/2016

16 June 2016

Amnesty International is deeply concerned by the continued sensitivity of the Singapore government to criticism and alternate views of Singaporeans, which further reduces the space for activists, bloggers and civil society organisations in Singapore. In the past two months, political activists, a blogger as well as the LGBTI community have faced reprisals for their legitimate exercise of the right to freedom of expression, peaceful assembly and association.

In May 2016, six criminal charges were brought against 17 year old blogger Amos Yee for allegedly ‘wounding the religious feelings’ of Muslims and Christians under Section 298 of the Penal Code, which covers offences related to religion and race. He also faces two separate charges for not reporting to police under previous bail conditions

This is not the first time that the 17 year old blogger has been targeted by the authorities for his comments on a blog site. In May 2015, Yee was sentenced to 55 days in jail for mocking Singapore’s first Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew. Under international law and standards, the right to freedom of expression is not limited to views that are widely acceptable and popular, rather, states must also respect and protect the expression of minority views through a variety of mediums, including views that some may find offensive.

In another incident, police questioned political activists Roy Ngerng and Teo Soh Long on 1 June 2016. The duo were subjected to hours of investigation and the seizure of personal electronic equipment in regards to their Facebook postings on a by-election ‘cooling off’ day, which prohibits campaigning a on the eve of elections.

While the right to freedom of expression may be subject to certain restrictions provided by law, these restrictions must meet strict tests of necessity and proportionality. Cooling-off periods may be legitimate to protect the integrity and peaceful conduct of elections, however in this case, the two activists were singled out by the authorities and detained an unreasonable length of time. Ngerng claims he was detained for nearly eight hours by police.

Amnesty International believes that these investigations may be politically motivated, as other politicians who have been reported for violations in the past have not faced the same level of inquiry.

The authorities have also interfered with the legitimate activities of groups, through Singapore’s Ministry of Home Affairs warning to multinational corporations to ensure they do not continue to sponsor annual gay-rights event Pink Dot SG. In its statement, the Ministry of Home Affairs stated that it would not allow foreign entities to ‘interfere in domestic issues’, especially those deemed ‘controversial’ in nature. LGBTI people face high levels of stigma and discrimination in Singapore, where same sex sexual activity between men remains criminalised.

The Singapore government must create a safe space and refrain from interfering with human rights organisations, in particular LGBTI groups. In addition, the government has a responsibility to comply with the principle of non-discrimination and meet its obligations under CEDAW to change social and cultural conduct which discriminate on the basis of sex, gender or sexual orientation.

Amnesty International notes with concern the situation of human rights defenders and government critics in Singapore as they lack institutional protection, recognition and guarantees of human rights. Amnesty International urges Singapore to accept recommendations on repealing or narrowing restrictions on public discourse that were made when it came under review at the UN Human Rights Council on 27 January 2016.

We also call upon Singapore to respect, protect and facilitate the rights to freedom of expression peaceful assembly and association and to repeal laws that create restrictions that are not legitimate, necessary and proportionate to these rights.

秉公处理

相关链接网址:

1.张素兰:《咱们的警察部队是干啥的? What is happening to our Police Force?》

https://renminglishiziliaoaku.wordpress.com/2016/05/31/

2.TOC:《鄞玉林和张素兰现在面对警方广泛的调查 Roy Ngerng Yiling and Teo Soh Lung are now being extensively investigated

https://renminglishiziliaoaku.wordpress.com/2016/06/01/

3. Function 8严厉谴责政府滥用权力对付个别公民及公民社会组织 Function 8 condemns use of gov’t powers against individual citizens and civil society groups

https://renminglishiziliaoaku.wordpress.com/2016/06/01/朱正熙律师:我对4.警方的许多感到失望

https://renminglishiziliaoaku.wordpress.com/2016/06/01/

5.工人党就“冷静日调查事件”发表声明

 https://renminglishiziliaoaku.wordpress.com/2016/06/01/

 6.民主党发表声明:要求平等对待冷静日

https://renminglishiziliaoaku.wordpress.com/2016/06/01/

7.鄞玉林:《民主就是集体强奸》

https://renminglishiziliaoaku.wordpress.com/2016/06/02/

8. 武吉巴督补选冷静日违例事件 警方充公涉案电子器材进行调查

http://www.channel8news.sg/news8/singapore/20160601-sg-cooling-off/2837302.html

9.新加坡社区行动网络发起联署声明;停止所有对张素兰和鄞玉林的调查行动

https://renminglishiziliaoaku.wordpress.com/2016/06/02/

10.视频录像网址:警方人员在搜查张素兰家

https://www.facebook.com/jeannette.aruldoss/videos/10201742041470598/

11.陈华彪:心字头上一把刃

https://renminglishiziliaoaku.wordpress.com/2016/06/02/

12.张素兰:我是否能够期盼获得一个公平和独立的调查?

https://renminglishiziliaoaku.wordpress.com/2016/06/03/

13.张缓蓉:在“破坏”选举条例下,警方骚扰新加坡的社会活动积极分子

https://renminglishiziliaoaku.wordpress.com/2016/06/04/

14.克莉丝叮.韩莉颖:如何诠释冷静日条例?

https://renminglishiziliaoaku.wordpress.com/2016/06/05/

15.鄞玉林:请再别让无辜的人们被起诉了!

https://renminglishiziliaoaku.wordpress.com/2016/06/07/

16.社区行动网络组织致函警方要求澄清问题

https://renminglishiziliaoaku.wordpress.com/2016/06/10/

17. 张素兰:是啊!被警察抓去咋办?

https://renminglishiziliaoaku.wordpress.com/2016/06/16/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Advertisements